Papers published in 2020
Modelling the effect of market forces on the impact of introducing HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis among female sex workers. Quaife, M, Vickerman, P, Terris-Presholt, F, Mukandavaire, Z. Health Economics. Dec 2020;30:659–679.
Healthcare use by people who use illicit opioids (HUPIO): development of a cohort based on electronic primary care records in England. Lewer D , Padmanathan P, Qummer ul Arfeen M, Denaxas S,Forbes HJ, González-Izquierdo A, & Hickman M. [version 1; peer review: 1 approved] Wellcome Open Res Dec 2020, 5:282.
Management of chlamydia and gonorrhoea infections diagnosed in primary care using a centralised nurse-led telephone-based service: mixed methods evaluation. Horwood, J., Brangan, E., Manley, P, Horner P, Muir P, North P, Macleod J. BMC Fam Pract 21, 265 (Dec 2020).
Drug Use in Street Sex worKers (DUSSK) study: results of a mixed methods feasibility study of a complex intervention to reduce illicit drug use in drug dependent female sex workers. Patel R, Redmond NM, Kesten JM, Linton M-J, Horwood J, Wilcox D, Munafo J, Coast J, Macleod J, Jeal N. BMJ Open Dec 2020;10:e03649
Effects of non-pharmacological interventions as vaccine adjuvants in humans: a systematic review and network meta-analysis. Vedhara K, Royal S, Sunger K, Caldwell DM, Halliday V, Taylor CM, Fairclough L, Anthony A, Welton NJ. Health Psychology Review. Dec 2020.
How acceptable is adolescent self-consent for the HPV vaccination:Findings from a qualitative study in south-west England. Audrey S, Farr M, Roderick M, Evans K, Fisher H. Vaccine. Nov 2020;38:7472-7478.
Association between opioid agonist therapy use and HIV testing uptake among people who have recently injected drugs: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Ferraro CF, Stewart DE, Grebely J, Tran LT, Zhou S, Puca C, Hajarizadeh B, Larney S, Santo T Jr, Higgins JPT, Vickerman P, Degenhardt L, Hickman M, French CE. Addiction. 2020;
Co-production of an educational package for the universal human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination programme tailored for schools with low uptake: a participatory study protocol. Fisher H, Audrey S, Chantler, T, Finn A, Letley L, Mounier-Jack S, Thomas C, Yates J, Hickman M. BMJ Open Nov 2020;10:e039029.
Young women’s autonomy and information needs in the schools-based HPV vaccination programme: a qualitative study. Fisher H, Evans K, Ferrie J, Yates J, Roderick M, Audrey S. BMC Public Health 20, 1680 (Nov 2020).
Accuracy of UK Rapid Test Consortium (UK-RTC) “AbC-19 Rapid Test” for detection of previous SARS-CoV-2 infection in key workers: test accuracy study. Mulchandani R, Jones HE, Taylor-Phillips S, Shute, J, Perrey K, Jamarani S, Brooks T, Charlett A, Hickman M, Oliver I, Kaptoge S, Danesh J, Di Angelantonio E, Edes EA, Wyllie D, .BMJ Nov 2020;371:m4262.
Impact of rapid microbial identification on clinical outcomes in bloodstream infection: the RAPIDO randomized trial. MacGowan A, Grier S, Stoddart M, Reynolds R, Rogers C, Pike K, Smartt H, Wilcox M, Wilson P, Kelsey M, Steer J, Gould FK, Perry JD, Howe R, Wootton M. Clin Microbiol Infect. 2020; 26:1347-1354.
Sustaining and strengthening community resilience throughout the COVID-19 pandemic and beyond. South J, Stansfield J, Amlôt R, Weston D. Perspectives in Public Health. Aug 2020;140(6):305-308.
Has resourcing of non-governmental harm-reduction organisations in Ukraine improved HIV prevention and treatment outcomes for people who inject drugs? Findings from multiple bio-behavioural surveys. Trickey A, Semchuk N, Saliuk T, Sazonova Y,Varetska O, Walker JG, Lim AG, Stone J, Vickerman P. Journal of the International AIDS Society. 2020, 23: e25608.
Cost-effectiveness of screening and treatment using direct-acting antivirals for chronic Hepatitis C virus in a primary care setting in Karachi, Pakistan. Mafirakureva N, Lim AG, Khalid GG, Aslam K, Campbell L, Zahid H, Van den Bergh R, Falq G, Fortas C, Wailly Y, Auat R, Donchuk D, Loarec A, Coast J, Vickerman P, Walker JG. J Viral Hepat. 2021;28:268–278 (online first Oct 2020).
COVID-19 in older people: a rapid clinical review. Lithander FE, Neumann S, Tenison E, Lloyd K, Welsh TJ, Rodrigues JCL, Higgins JPT, Scourfield L, Christensen H, Haunton VJ, Henderson EJ. Age and Ageing, Volume 49, Issue 4, Jul 2020, Pages 501–515.
Impact of rotavirus vaccination on intussusception hospital admissions in England. McGeoch LJ, Finn A, Marlow RD. Vaccine. 2020; 38: 5618-5626.
Modifiable healthcare factors affecting 28-day survival in bloodstream infection: a prospective cohort study. Evans RN ,Pike K, Rogers CA, Reynolds R, Stoddart M, Howe R, Wilcox M, Wilson P, Gould FK, MacGowan A. BMC Infectious Diseases. 2020; 20 : 545.
Antibiotic-induced changes in the human gut microbiota for the most commonly prescribed antibiotics in primary care in the UK: a systematic review. Elvers KT, Wilson VJ, Hammond A,Duncan L, Huntley AL, Alastair Hay AD, van der Werf ET. BMJ Open. 2020; 10: e035677.
Externalising pathways to alcohol-related problems in emerging adulthood. Hammerton G, Edwards AC, Mahedy L, Murray J, Maughan B, Kendler KS, Hickman M, Heron J. J Child Psychol Psychiatry. 2020 Jun;61(6):721-731.
Assessing the public health effects of cannabis use: can legalization improve the evidence base? Hickman M, Hines LA, Gage SH. World Psychiatry. 2020 Jun;19(2):197-198.
Association of High-Potency Cannabis Use With Mental Health and Substance Use in Adolescence. Hines LA, Freeman TP, Gage SH, Zammit S, Hickman M, Cannon M, Munafo M, MacLeod J, Heron J. JAMA Psychiatry. 2020 May 27:e201035. Epub ahead of print.
Impact of meningococcal B (4CMenB) vaccine on pharyngeal Neisseria meningitidis carriage density and persistence in adolescents. McMillan M, Walters L, Sullivan T, Leong LEX, Turra M, Lawrence A, Koehler AP, Finn A, Andrews RM, Marshall HS. Clin Infect Dis. 2020 May 24:ciaa610. Epub ahead of print.
Reducing SARS-CoV-2 Transmission in the UK: A Behavioural Science Approach to Identifying Options for Increasing Adherence to Social Distancing and Shielding Vulnerable People. Michie S, West R, Rogers MB, Bonell C, Rubin GJ, Amlôt R. Br J Health Psychol. 2020 May 19. Online ahead of print.
Estimating the prevalence of problem drug use from drug-related mortality data. Jones HE, Harris RJ, Downing BC, Pierce M, Millar T, Ades AE, Welton NJ, Presanis AM, De Angelis D, Hickman M. Addiction. 2020 May 11. Epub ahead of print.
Modelling patient flows and resource use within a sexual health clinic through discrete event simulation to inform service redesign. Mohiuddin S, Gardiner R, Crofts M, Muir P, Steer J, Turner J, Wheeler H, Hollingworth, Horner PJ. BMJ Open. 2020;10:e037084.
Generational Trends in US Opioid-Overdose Deaths. Hall W, Degenhardt L, Hickman M. Nat Med. 2020 May;26(5):651-652.
Mitigating and Learning From the Impact of COVID-19 Infection on Addictive Disorders (Editorial). Marsden J, Darke S, Hall W, Hickman M, Holmes J, Humphreys K, Neale J, Tucker J, West R. Addiction. 2020 Jun;115(6):1007-1010. Epub 2020 Apr 28.
Alcohol use and cognitive functioning in young adults: improving causal inference. Mahedy L, Suddell S, Skirrow C, Fernandes GS, Field M, Heron J, Hickman M, Wootton R, Munafò MR. Addiction. 2020 Apr 25. Epub ahead of print.
Reducing Expectations for Antibiotics in Primary Care: A Randomised Experiment to Test the Response to Fear-Based Messages About Antimicrobial Resistance. Roope LSJ, Tonkin-Crine S, Herd N, Michie S, Pouwels KB, Castro-Sanchez E, Sallis A, Hopkins S, Robotham JV, Crook DW, Peto T, Peters M, Butler CC, Walker AS, Wordsworth S. BMC Med. 2020 Apr 23;18(1):110.
Global opioid agonist treatment: a review of clinical practices by country. Jin H, Marshall BDL, Degenhardt L, Strang J, Hickman M, Fiellin DA, Ali R, Bruneau J, Larney S. Addiction. 2020 Apr 14. Epub ahead of print.
Carriage of Neisseria Meningitidis in Low and Middle Income Countries of the Americas and Asia: A Review of the Literature. Serra L, Presa J, Christensen H, Trotter C. Infect Dis Ther. 2020 Jun;9(2):209-240. Epub 2020 Apr 2.
Hepatitis C reinfection after successful antiviral treatment among people who inject drugs: A meta-analysis. Hajarizadeh B, Cunningham EB, Valerio H, Martinello M, Law M, Janjua NZ, Midgard H, Dalgard O, Dillon J, Hickman M, Bruneau J, Dore GJ, Grebely J. J Hepatol. 2020 Apr;72(4):643-657.
Assessing the contribution of alcohol-specific causes to socio-economic inequalities in mortality in England and Wales 2001-16. Angus C, Pryce R, Holmes J, de Vocht F, Hickman M, Meier P, Brennan A, Gillespie D. Addiction. 2020 Mar 31. Epub ahead of print.
The English National Cohort Study of Flooding & Health: psychological morbidity at three years of follow up. Mulchandani R, Armstrong B, Beck CR, Waite TD, Amlôt R, Kovats S, Leonardi G, Rubin GJ, Oliver I. BMC Public Health. 2020;20(1):321. Published 2020 Mar 30.
Impact of flooding on health-related quality of life in England: results from the National Study of Flooding and Health. Robin C, Beck C, Armstrong A, Waite TD, Rubin GJ, English National Study of Flooding and Health Study Group Oliver I. Eur J Public Health, ckaa049, published 30 March 2020.
A model of tuberculosis clustering in low incidence countries reveals more transmission in the United Kingdom than the Netherlands between 2010 and 2015. Brooks-Pollock E, Danon L, Altes HK, Davidson JA, Pollock AMT, van Soolingen D, Campbell C, Lalor MK. PLoS Comput Biol. 2020 Mar 27;16(3):e1007687. eCollection 2020 Mar.
Herpes simplex virus: global infection prevalence and incidence estimates, 2016. James C, Harfouche M, Welton NJ, Turner KME, Abu-Raddad LJ, Gottlieb SL, Looker KJ. Bull World Health Organ. 2020;98:315–329. Published online: 25 March 2020.
Qualitative exploration of the intersection between social influences and cultural norms in relation to the development of alcohol use behaviour during adolescence. MacArthur GJ, Hickman M, Campbell R. BMJ Open. 2020 Mar 16;10(3):e030556.
The Consortium on Vulnerability to Externalizing Disorders and Addictions (c-VEDA): an accelerated longitudinal cohort of children and adolescents in India. Zhang Y, Vaidya N, Iyengar U, Sharma E, Holla B, Ahuja CK, Barker GJ, Basu D, Bharath RD, Chakrabarti A, Desrivieres S, Elliott P, Fernandes G, Gourisankar A, Heron J, Hickman M, Jacob P, Jain S, Jayarajan D, Kalyanram K, Kartik K, Krishna M, Krishnaveni G, Kumar K, Kumaran K, Kuriyan R, Murthy P, Orfanos DP, Purushottam M, Rangaswamy M, Kupard SS, Singh L, Singh R, Subodh BN, Thennarasu K, Toledano M, Varghese M, Benegal V, Schumann G; c-VEDA Consortium. Mol Psychiatry. 2020 Mar 12. [Epub ahead of print]
Safetxt: a safer sex intervention delivered by mobile phone messaging on sexually transmitted infections (STI) among young people in the UK - protocol for a randomised controlled trial. Free C, McCarthy OL, Palmer MJ, Knight R, Edwards P, French R, Baraitser P, Ford C, Hickson I, Wellings K, Roberts I, Bailey JV, Hart G, Michie S, Clayton T, Ploubidis GB, Carpenter JR, Turner KME, Devries K, Potter K. BMJ Open. 2020 Mar 8;10(3):e031635.
The global and regional burden of genital ulcer disease due to herpes simplex virus: a natural history modelling study. Looker KJ, Johnston C, Welton NJ, James C, Vickerman P, Turner KME, Boily MC, Gottlieb SL. BMJ Glob Health. 2020 Mar 8;5(3):e001875. eCollection 2020.
Modelling the Role of Incarceration in HCV Transmission and Prevention Amongst People Who Inject Drugs in Rural Kentucky. Stone J, Fraser H, Young AM, Havens JR, Vickerman P. Int J Drug Policy. 2020 Mar 6;102707. Online ahead of print.
Effects and cost of different strategies to eliminate hepatitis C virus transmission in Pakistan: a modelling analysis. Lim AG, Walker JG, Mafirakureva N, Khalid GG, Qureshi H, Mahmood H, Trickey A, Fraser H, Aslam K, Falq G, Fortas C, Zahid H, Naveed A, Auat R, Saeed Q, Davies CF, Mukandavire C, Glass N, Maman D, Martin NK, Hickman M, May MT, Hamid S, Loarec A, Averhoff F, Vickerman P. Lancet Glob Health. 2020 Mar;8(3):e440-e450.
Serious bacterial infections and antibiotic prescribing in primary care: cohort study using electronic health records in the UK. Gulliford MC, Sun X, Charlton J, Winter JR, Bunce C, Boiko O, Fox R, Little P, Moore M, Hay AD, Ashworth M, Safe. BMJ Open. 2020 Feb 28;10(2):e036975.
Digital interventions for parents of acutely ill children and their treatment-seeking behaviour: a systematic review. Donovan E, Wilcox CR, Patel S, Hay AD, Little P, Willcox ML. Br J Gen Pract. 2020 Feb 27;70(692):e172-e178. doi: 10.3399/bjgp20X708209. Print 2020 Mar.
Increasing uptake of hepatitis C virus infection case-finding, testing, and treatment in primary care: evaluation of the HepCATT (Hepatitis C Assessment Through to Treatment) trial. Horwood J, Clement C, Roberts K, Waldron CA, Irving WL, Macleod J, Hickman M. Br J Gen Pract. 2020 Feb 24:bjgp20X708785. Epub ahead of print.
Economic evaluation of the OSAC randomised controlled trial: oral corticosteroids for non-asthmatic adults with acute lower respiratory tract infection in primary care. Moure-Fernandez A, Hollinghurst S, Carroll FE, Downing H, Young G, Brookes S, May M, El-Gohary M, Harnden A, Kendrick D, Lafond N, Little P, Moore M, Orton E, Thompson M, Timmins D, Wang K, Hay AD. BMJ Open. 2020 Feb 18;10(2):e033567.
Evaluating the causal impact of individual alcohol licensing decisions on local health and crime using natural experiments with synthetic controls. De Vocht F, McQuire C, Brennan A, Egan M, Angus C, Kaner E, Beard E, Brown J, De Angelis D, Carter N, Murray B, Dukes R, Greenwood E, Holden S, Jago R, Hickman M Addiction. 2020 Feb 11. Epub ahead of print.
Socio-demographic and ecological factors associated with anti-HCV prevalence in people who inject drugs: A systematic review. Colledge S, Leung J, Grebely J, Degenhardt L, Peacock A, Hickman M, Vickerman P, Stone J, Trickey A, Larney S. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2020 Apr 1;209:107899. Epub 2020 Feb 6.
Understanding the role of peace of mind in childhood vaccination: A qualitative study with members of the general public. Lasseter G, Al-Janabi H, Trotter CL, Carroll FE, Christensen H. Vaccine. 2020 Feb 28;38(10):2424-2432. Epub 2020 Feb 5.
Prisons can also improve drug user health in the community. Martin NK, Hickman M, Spaulding AC, Vickerman P. Addiction. 2020 Feb 5. Epub ahead of print.
Diagnosis of some genital-tract infections: part 2. Molecular tests and the new challenges. Taylor-Robinson D, Horner P, Pallecaros A. Int J STD AIDS. 2020 Mar;31(3):198-207. Epub 2020 Feb 2.
The Introduction of a Safety Checklist in Two UK Hospital Emergency Departments: A Qualitative Study of Implementation and Staff Use. Stone T, Banks J, Brant H, Kesten JM, Redfern E, Remmers A, Redwood S. J Clin Nurs. 2020 Apr;29(7-8):1267-1275. Epub 2020 Jan 30.
Acceptability of a primary care-based opioid and pain review service: a mixed-methods evaluation in England. Kesten J, Thomas K, Scott LJ, Bache K, Hickman M, Campbell R, Pickering AE, Redwood S. Br J Gen Pract. 2020 Jan 30;70(691):e120-e129. doi: 10.3399/bjgp19X706097.
Evaluation of a primary care-based opioid and pain review service: a mixed-methods evaluation in two GP practices in England. Scott L, Kesten J, Bache K, Hickman M, Campbell R, Pickering A, Redwood S, Thomas K. Br J Gen Pract. 2020 Jan 30;70(691):e111-e119.
Containment and care? A qualitative interview study exploring police custody staff views about delivering brief alcohol interventions to heavy drinking arrestees. McGovern R, Crowe L, Addison M, Hickman M, Kidger J, McColl E, Newbury-Birch, Kaner E. Drugs: Education, Prevention and Policy. Published online: 27 Jan 2020.
Cost-effectiveness of the HepCATT intervention in specialist drug clinics to improve case-finding and engagement with HCV treatment for people who inject drugs in England. Ward Z, Reynolds R, Campbell L, Martin NK, Harrison G, Irving W, Hickman M, Vickerman P. Addiction. 2020 Jan 26. Online ahead of print.
Meningococcal B Vaccine and Meningococcal Carriage in Adolescents in Australia. Marshall HS, McMillan M, Koehler AP, Lawrence A, Sullivan TR, MacLennan JM, Maiden MCJ, Ladhani SN, Ramsay ME, Trotter C, Borrow R, Finn A, Kahler CM, Whelan J, Vadivelu K, Richmond P. N Engl J Med. 2020 Jan 23;382(4):318-327.
Risk of herpes zoster after exposure to varicella to explore the exogenous boosting hypothesis: self controlled case series study using UK electronic healthcare data. Forbes H, Douglas I, Finn A, Breuer J, Bhaskaran K, Smeeth L, Packer S, Langan SM, Mansfield KE, Marlow R, Whitaker H, Warren-Gash C. BMJ. 2020 Jan 22;368:l6987.
The feasibility of measuring calprotectin from a throat swab as a marker of infections caused by group A streptococcus: a case–control feasibility study. Schofield B, Gregory C, Gal M, Gillespie D, Naik G, Hay AD, Francis N. BJGP Open. 2020 Jan 21;bjgpopen20X101006. Online ahead of print.
Prevalence of steatosis and fibrosis in young adults in the UK: a population-based study. Abeysekera KWM, Fernandes GS, Hammerton G, Portal AJ, Gordon FH, Heron J, Hickman M. Lancet Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2020 Mar;5(3):295-305. Epub 2020 Jan 15.
An Interdisciplinary Mixed-Methods Approach to Developing Antimicrobial Stewardship Interventions: Protocol for the Preserving Antibiotics Through Safe Stewardship (PASS) Research Programme. Shallcross L, Lorencatto F, Fuller C, Tarrant C, West J, Traina R, Smith C, Forbes G, Crayton E, Rockenschaub P, Dutey-Magni P, Richardson E, Fragaszy E, Michie S, Hayward A; PASS Research Group. Wellcome Open Res. 2020 Jan 14;5:8. doi: 10.12688/wellcomeopenres.15554.1. eCollection 2020.
Global systematic review and ecological analysis of HIV in people who inject drugs: National population sizes and factors associated with HIV prevalence. Larney S, Leung J, Grebely J, Hickman M, Vickerman P, Peacock A, Stone J, Trickey A, Dumchev KV, Colledge S, Cunningham EB, Lynskey M, Mattick RP, Degenhardt L. Int J Drug Policy. 2020 Jan 14;77:102656.
Opioid use disorder. Strang J, Volkow ND, Degenhardt L, Hickman M, Johnson K, Koob GF, Marshall BDL, Tyndall M, Walsh SL. Nat Rev Dis Primers. 2020 Jan 9;6(1):4.
Use of antibiotics and asthma medication for acute lower respiratory tract infections in people with and without asthma: retrospective cohort study. Denholm R, van der Werf ET, Hay AD. Respir Res. 2020 Jan 6;21(1):4.
Reweighting national survey data for small area behaviour estimates: modelling alcohol consumption in Local Authorities in England. Pryce R, Angus C, Holmes J, Gillespie D, Buykx P, Meier P, Hickman M, de Vocht F, Brennan A. Popul Health Metr. 2020 Jan 2;18(1):1.
Consortium on Vulnerability to Externalizing Disorders and Addictions (cVEDA): A developmental cohort study protocol. Sharma E, Vaidya N, Iyengar U, Zhang Y, Holla B, Purushottam M, Chakrabarti A, Fernandes GS, Heron J, Hickman M, Desrivieres S, Kartik K, Jacob P, Rangaswamy M, Bharath RD, Barker G, Orfanos DP, Ahuja C, Murthy P, Jain S, Varghese M, Jayarajan D, Kumar K, Thennarasu K, Basu D, Subodh BN, Kuriyan R, Kurpad SS, Kalyanram K, Krishnaveni G, Krishna M, Singh RL, Singh LR, Kalyanram K, Toledano M, Schumann G, Benegal V, cVEDA Consortium. BMC Psychiatry. 2020 Jan 2;20(1):2.
Exploring the appropriateness of antibiotic prescribing for common respiratory tract infections in UK primary care. Stuart B, Brotherwood H, Van't Hoff C, Brown A, van den Bruel A, Hay AD, Moore M, Little P. J Antimicrob Chemother. 2020 Jan 1;75(1):236-242.
Associations between national development indicators and the age profile of people who inject drugs: results from a global systematic review and meta-analysis. Hines LA, Trickey A, Leung J, Larney S, Peacock A, Degenhardt L, Colledge S, Hickman M, Grebely J, Cunningham E, Stone J, Dumchev K, Griffiths P, Vickerman P, Mattick R, Lynskey M. Lancet Glob Health. 2020 Jan;8(1):e76-e91.
COVID-19 transmission in a university setting: a rapid review of modelling studies. Christensen H, Turner K, Trickey A, Booton RD, Hemani G,Nixon E, Relton C, Danon L, Hickman M, Brooks Pollock E. medRxiv 2020.
Estimating the impact of disruptions due to COVID-19 on HIV transmission and control among men who have sex with men in China. Booton RD, G Fu, MacGregor L, Li J, Ong J J, Tucker JD, Turner KM, Tang W, Vickerman P, Mitchell K.medRxiv 2020.
SARS-CoV-2 responsive T cell numbers and anti-Spike IgG levels are both associated with protection from COVID-19: A prospective cohort study in keyworkers. Wyllie D, Mulchandani R, Hayley E Jones HE, Taylor-Phillips S, Brooks T, Charlett A, Ades AE, EDSAB-HOME investigators, Makin A, Oliver I. medRxiv 2020.
Using social contact data to predict and compare the impact of social distancing policies with implications for school re-opening. Brooks-Pollock E, Read JM, McLean AR, Keeling MJ, Danon L. medRxiv. 2020.
Effectiveness of digital interventions to improve household and community infection prevention and control behaviours and to reduce incidence of respiratory and/or gastro-intestinal infections: A rapid systematic review. Gold N, Hu X-Y, Denford S, X-Y Hu, Towler L, Groot J, Gledhill R, Willcox M, Ainsworth B, Miller S, Moore M, Little P, Amlôt R, Chadborn T, Yardley L. medRxiv. 2020.
Preventing within household transmission of COVID-19: Is the provision of accommodation feasible and acceptable? Denford S, Morton KS, Horwood J, de Garang R, Yardley L. medRxiv. 2020.
High COVID-19 transmission potential associated with re-opening universities can be mitigated with layered interventions. Brooks-Pollock E, Christensen H, Trickey A, Hemani G, Nixon E, Thomas A, Turner K, Finn A, Hickman M, Relton C, Danon L. medRxiv. 2020
Self assessment overestimates historical COVID-19 disease relative to sensitive serological assays: cross sectional study in UK key workers. Ranya Mulchandani, Sian Taylor-Philips, Hayley E Jones, AE Ades, Ray Borrow, Ezra Linley, Peter D Kirwan, Richard Stewart, Philippa Moore, John Boyes, Anil Hormis, Neil Todd, Antoanela Colda, Ian Reckless, Tim Brooks, Andre Charlett, Matthew Hickman, Isabel Oliver, David Wyllie.medRxiv. 2020.