.

Papers published in 2021

Preventing within household transmission of COVID-19: Is the provision of accommodation feasible and acceptable? Denford S, Morton KS, Horwood J, de Garang R, Yardley L. Preventing within household transmission of COVID-19: Is the provision of accommodation feasible and acceptable? BMC Public Health. 2021;21:1641.

Association of maternal pre-pregnancy BMI and breastfeeding with NAFLD in young adults: a parental negative control study. Abeysekera KWM, Orr JG, Madley-Dowd P, Fernandes GS, Zuccolo L, Gordon FH, Lawlor DA, Heron J, Hickman M. Association of maternal pre-pregnancy BMI and breastfeeding with NAFLD in young adults: a parental negative control study. The Lancet Regional Health Europe. 2021;Online. 

Diversity of incarceration patterns among people who inject drugs and the association with incident hepatitis C virus infection. Artenie AA, Hickman M, Vickerman P, Stone J, Grebely J, Bruneau J. Diversity of incarceration patterns among people who inject drugs and the association with incident hepatitis C virus infection. Int J Drug Policy. 2021 Aug 24:103419.

High COVID-19 transmission potential associated with re-opening universities can be mitigated with layered interventions. Brooks-Pollock E, Christensen H, Trickey A, Hemani G, Nixon E, Thomas A, Turner K, Finn A, Hickman M, Relton C, Danon L. High COVID-19 transmission potential associated with re-opening universities can be mitigated with layered interventions. Nature Communications. 2021;12:5017.

Evidence of changing sexual behaviours and clinical attendance patterns, alongside increasing diagnoses of STIs in MSM and TPSM. Macgregor LW, Speare NE, Nicholls JE, Harryman LC, Horwood JP, Kesten J, Lorenc A, Horner PJ, Edelman N, Muir P, North P, Gompels M, Turner KME. Evidence of changing sexual behaviours and clinical attendance patterns, alongside increasing diagnoses of STIs in MSM and TPSM. Sexually Transmitted Infections. Published Online First: 19 August 2021.

University students and staff able to maintain low daily contact numbers during various COVID-19 guideline periods Trickey A, Nixon E, Christensen H, Finn A,  Thomas A, Relton C, Montgomery C, Hemani G, Metz J,  Walker JG, Turner K, Kwiatkowska K, Sauchelli S, Danon L, Brooks-Pollock E. University students and staff able to maintain low daily contact numbers during various COVID-19 guideline periods. Epidemiology & Infection. 2021;149:e169

What is the burden of heterosexually-acquired HIV due to HSV-2? Global and regional model-based estimates of the proportion and number of HIV infections attributable to HSV-2 infection Silhol R,  Coupland H,  Baggaley RF, Miller L, Staadegaard L, Gottlieb SL, Stannah J, Turner KME, Vickerman P, Hayes R, P, Looker KJ, Boily M-C. What is the burden of heterosexually-acquired HIV due to HSV-2? Global and regional model-based estimates of the proportion and number of HIV infections attributable to HSV-2 infection. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2021;88:19-30.

What do diagnoses of pelvic inflammatory disease in specialist sexual health services in England tell us about chlamydia control? Davis GS, Horner PJ, Price MJ, Mitchell HD, Soldan K. What do diagnoses of pelvic inflammatory disease in specialist sexual health services in England tell us about chlamydia control? The Journal of Infectious Diseases. 2021;224:S113-S120.

What can serology tell us about the burden of infertility in women caused by chlamydia? Horner PJ, Anyalechi G, Geisler WM. What can serology tell us about the burden of infertility in women caused by chlamydia? The Journal of Infectious Diseases. 2021;224:S80-S85.

Is there a hidden burden of disease as a result of epigenetic epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition following Chlamydia trachomatis genital tract infection? Horner PJ, Flanagan H, Horne AW. Is there a hidden burden of disease as a result of epigenetic epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition following Chlamydia trachomatis genital tract infection? The Journal of Infectious Diseases. 2021;224:S128–S136.

Engagement with daily testing instead of self-isolating in contacts of confirmed cases of SARS-CoV-2: A qualitative analysis Denford S, Martin AF, Love N, Ready D, Oliver I, Amlot R, Yardley L, Rubin J. Engagement with daily testing instead of self-isolating in contacts of confirmed cases of SARS-CoV-2: A qualitative analysis. Front. Public Health 2021;9:714041.

Cognitive Style and Drinking to Cope A Prospective Cohort Study Corcoran E, Lewis G, Heron J, Hickman M, Lewis G. Cognitive Style and Drinking to Cope A Prospective Cohort Study. 2021 Aug 2. Online ahead of print.

The Impact of Recent Homelessness on the Provision of Injection Drug Use Initiation Assistance Among Persons Who Inject Drugs in Tijuana, Mexico and Vancouver, Canada Marks C, Bouck Z, Jain S, Sun X, Strathdee SA, Vickerman P, DeBeck K, Milloy M-J, Hayashi K, Werb D. The Impact of Recent Homelessness on the Provision of Injection Drug Use Initiation Assistance Among Persons Who Inject Drugs in Tijuana, Mexico and Vancouver, Canada. Drug and Alcohol Dependence. 2021;225:108829.

Experiences of supported isolation in returning travellers during the early COVID-19 response: an interview study Carter H, Weston D, Greenberg N, Oliver I, Robin C, Rubin GJ, Wessely S, Amlôt R. Experiences of supported isolation in returning travellers during the early COVID-19 response: an interview study. BMJ Open 2021;11:e050405.

Living Under Coronavirus and Injecting Drugs in Bristol (LUCID-B): a qualitative study of experiences of COVID-19 among people who inject drugs Kesten JM, Holland A, Lintonc M-J, Familye H, Scott J, Horwood J, Hickman M, Telfer M, Ayres R, Hussey D, Wilkinson J, Hines LA. Living Under Coronavirus and Injecting Drugs in Bristol (LUCID-B): a qualitative study of experiences of COVID-19 among people who inject drugs. International Journal of Drug Policy. 2021.

The impact of direct-acting antivirals on hepatitis C viraemia among people who inject drugs in England; real-world data 2011–2018 Bardsley M, Heinsbroek E, Harris R, Croxford S, Edmundson C, Hope V, Hassan N, Ijaz S, Mandal S, Shute J, Hutchinson SJ, Hickman M, Sinka K, Phipps E. The impact of direct-acting antivirals on hepatitis C viraemia among people who inject drugs in England; real-world data 2011–2018. J Viral Hepat. 2021;00:1–12.

Experiences of the coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19) pandemic from the perspectives of young people: Rapid qualitative study Fisher H, Lambert H, Hickman M, Yardley L, Audrey S. Experiences of the coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19) pandemic from the perspectives of young people: Rapid qualitative study. Public Health in Practice. 2021. Online.

Secondary analyses to test the impact on inequalities and uptake of the schools-based human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination programme by stage of implementation of a new consent policy in the south-west of England Fisher H, Evans K, Reynolds RA, Yates J, Roderick MR, Ferrie J, Macleod JAA, Hickman M, Audrey S. Secondary analyses to test the impact on inequalities and uptake of the schools-based human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination programme by stage of implementation of a new consent policy in the south-west of England. BMJ Open. 2021;11:e044980.

Overlapping key populations and HIV transmission in Tijuana, Mexico: a modelling analysis of epidemic drivers Fraser H, Borquez A, Stone J, Abramovitz D, Brouwer KC, Goodman-Meza D, Hickman M, Patterson TL, Silverman J, Smith L, Strathdee SA, Martin NK, Vickerman P. Overlapping key populations and HIV transmission in Tijuana, Mexico: a modelling analysis of epidemic drivers. AIDS Behav. 2021 Jul 3. Online ahead of print.

Evaluation of hepatitis C treatment-as-prevention within an Australian prison prospective cohort: The SToP-C study Hajarizadeh B, Grebely J, Byrne M, Marks P, Amin J, McManus H, Butler T, Cunningham EB, Vickerman P, Martin NK, McHutchison JG, Brainard DM, Treloar C, Chambers GM, Grant L, Mcgrath C, Lloyd AR, Dore GJ, on behalf of the SToP-C study group. Evaluation of hepatitis C treatment-as-prevention within an Australian prison prospective cohort: The SToP-C study. The Lancet Gastroenterology and Hepatology. 2021;6:533-546.

Engagement with daily testing instead of self-isolating in contacts of confirmed cases of SARS-CoV-2. Martin AF, Denford S, Love N, Ready D, Oliver I, Amlot R, Yardley L, Rubin J. Engagement with daily testing instead of self-isolating in contacts of confirmed cases of SARS-CoV-2. BMC Public Health. 2021;21:1067.

Contacts and behaviours of university students during the COVID-19 pandemic at the start of the 2020/21 academic year. Nixon E, Trickey A, Christensen H, Finn A, Thomas A, Relton C, Montgomery C, Hemani G, Metz J, Walker JG, Turner K, Kwiatkowska R, Sauchelli S, Danon L, Brooks-Pollock E. Contacts and behaviours of university students during the COVID-19 pandemic at the start of the 2020/21 academic year. Scientific Reports. 2021;11:11728.

Tracking elimination of HIV transmission in men who have sex with men in England: a modelling study Brizzi F, Birrell PJ, Kirwan P, Ogaz D, Brown AE, Delpech VC, Gill ON, De Angelis D. Tracking elimination of HIV transmission in men who have sex with men in England: a modelling study. Lancet HIV. 2021;8:e440–48.

An intensive model of care for hepatitis C virus screening and treatment with direct-acting antivirals in people who inject drugs in Nairobi, Kenya: A model-based cost-effectiveness analysis Mafirakureva N, Stone J, Fraser H, Nzomukunda Y, Maina A, Thiong’o AW, et al. An intensive model of care for hepatitis C virus screening and treatment with direct-acting antivirals in people who inject drugs in Nairobi, Kenya: A model-based cost-effectiveness analysis. Addiction. 2021. Online ahead of print.

Inflammation and Depression: A Public Health Perspective Chu AL, Hickman M, Steel N, Jones PB, Davey Smith G, Gandaker GM . Inflammation and Depression: A Public Health Perspective. Brain, Behavior, and Immunity. 2021;95:1-3.

Developing a model to predict individualised treatment for gonorrhoea: a modelling study Findlater L, Mohammed H, Gobin M, Fifer H, Ross J, Geffon Obregon O, Turner K. Developing a model to predict individualised treatment for gonorrhoea: a modelling study. BMJ Open 2021;11:e042893.

Incidence of Clostridioides Difficile Infection (CDI) Related to Antibiotic Prescribing by General Practitioner Surgeries in Wales Tydeman F, Craine N, Kavanagh K, Adams H, Reynolds R, McLure V, Hughes H, Hickman M, Robertson C. Incidence of Clostridioides Difficile Infection (CDI) Related to Antibiotic Prescribing by General Practitioner Surgeries in Wales. Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy. 2021;dkab204.

Association of Opioid Agonist Treatment With All-Cause Mortality and Specific Causes of Death Among People With Opioid Dependence A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis Santo T, Clark B, Hickman M, Grebely J, Campbell G, Sordo L, Chen A,  Thi Tran, LT, Bharat C, Padmanathan P, Cousins G, Dupouy J, Kelty E, Muga R, Nosyk B, Min J, Pavarin R, Farrell M, Degenhardt L. Association of Opioid Agonist Treatment With All-Cause Mortality and Specific Causes of Death Among People With Opioid Dependence A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. JAMA Psychiatry. 2nd June 2021. Online. 

Big data and predictive modelling for the opioid crisis: existing research and future potential Bharat C, Hickman M, Barberi S, Degenhardt L. Big data and predictive modelling for the opioid crisis: existing research and future potential. The Lancet Digital Health. 2021;3:E397-407.

Mapping social distancing measures to the reproduction number for COVID-19 Brooks-Pollock E, Read JM, McLean AR, Keeling MJ, Danon L. Mapping social distancing measures to the reproduction number for COVID-19. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. B. 2021;376:20200276.

Household bubbles and COVID-19 transmission: insights from percolation theory Danon L, Lacasa L, Brooks-Pollock E. Household bubbles and COVID-19 transmission: insights from percolation theory. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. B. 2021;376:20200284.

High Pgp3 Chlamydia trachomatis seropositivity, pelvic inflammatory disease and infertility among women, National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, United States, 2013–2016 Anyalechi GE,  Hong J, Danavall DC, Martin DL, Gwyn SE, Horner PJ, Raphael BH, Kirkcaldy RD, Kersh EN, Bernstein KT. High Pgp3 Chlamydia trachomatis seropositivity, pelvic inflammatory disease and infertility among women, National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, United States, 2013–2016. Clinical Infectious Diseases. 2021;ciab506.

Evaluating the prevention benefit of HCV treatment: Modelling the SToP-C treatment as prevention study in prisons Lim A, Stone J, Hajarizadeh B, Byrne M, Chambers GM, Martin NK, Grebely J, Dore GJ, Lloyd AR, Vickerman P. Evaluating the prevention benefit of HCV treatment: Modelling the SToP-C treatment as prevention study in prisons. Hepatology. 2021. 

Effectiveness of BNT162b2 mRNA vaccine against infection and COVID-19 vaccine 2 coverage in healthcare workers in England, multicentre prospective cohort study Hall V,Foulkes S, Saei A, Andrews N, Oguti, Charlett A, Wellington E, Stowe J, Gillson N, Atti A, Islam J, Karagiannis I, Munro K, Khawam J, The SIREN Study Group, Chand MA, Brown CS, Ramsay M, Lopez-Bernal J, Hopkins S. Effectiveness of BNT162b2 mRNA vaccine against infection and COVID-19 vaccine 2 coverage in healthcare workers in England, multicentre prospective cohort study. Lancet. 2021;397:1459-1469. 

Implementing new consent procedures for the schools-based HPV vaccination programme: a qualitative study Audrey S, Evans K, Farr M, Ferrie J, Yates J, Roderick M, Fisher H. Implementing new consent procedures for the schools-based HPV vaccination programme: a qualitative study.  British Journal of Child Health. 2021;2;85-93.

Accuracy of four lateral flow immunoassays for anti SARS-CoV-2 antibodies: a head-to-head comparative study. Jones HE, Mulchandani R, Taylor-Phillips S, Ades AE, Shute J, Perry KR, Jamarani S, Chandra NL, Brooks T, Charlett A, Hickman M, Oliver I, Kaptoge S, Danesh J, Di Angelantonio. EBioMedicine. June 2021.

The effect of person, treatment and prescriber characteristics on retention in opioid agonist treatment: a 15-year retrospective cohort study. Bharat C, Larney S, Barbieri S, Dobbins T, Jones NR, Hickman M, Gisev N, Ali R, Degenhardt L. . Addiction. 2021. Online ahead of print.

Are resistance rates among bloodstream isolates a good proxy for other infections? Analysis from the BSAC Resistance Surveillance Programme. Horner C, Mushtaq S, Allen M, Longshaw C, Reynolds R, e. Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy. 2021; dkab096.

Public health information on COVID-19 for international travellers: lessons learned from a mixed-method evaluation. T. Zhang, C. Robin, S. Cai, C. Sawyer, W. Rice, L.E. Smith, R. Amlôt, G.J. Rubin, R. Reynolds, L. Yardley, M. Hickman, I. Oliver, H. Lambert. Public Health. 2021;193:116-123.

Testing the association between tobacco and cannabis use and cognitive functioning: Findings from an observational and Mendelian randomization study. Mahedy L, Wootton R, Suddell S, Skirrow C, Field M, Heron J, Hickman M, Munafò MR. Drug and Alcohol Dependence. Apr 2021. Online.

Determining the acceptability of testing contacts of confirmed COVID-19 cases to improve secondary care ascertainment. Marchant E, Ready D, Wimbury G, Smithson R, Charlett A and Oliver I. Journal of Public Health. March 2021.

Impact of screening on the prevalence and incidence of Mycoplasma genitalium and its macrolide resistance in men who have sex with men living in Australia: A mathematical model. Ong, Jason J. et al. EClinicalMedicine, Mar 2021, Volume 33, 100779.

Reducing COVID-19 risk in schools: a qualitative examination of secondary school staff and family views and concerns in the South West of England. Lorenc A, Kesten JM, Kidger J, et al. BMJ Paediatrics Open Mar 2021;5:e000987. 

Novel multi-virus rapid respiratory microbiological point-of-care testing in primary care: a mixed-methods feasibility evaluation. Tanzeela Y Khalid, Lorna J Duncan, Hannah V Thornton, Gemma Lasseter, Peter Muir, Zara Abigail Toney, Alastair D Hay. Family Practice. Mar 2021;cmab002. 

Use of dried blood spot samples for SARS-CoV-2 antibody detection using the Roche Elecsys ® high throughput immunoassay. Mulchandani R, Brown B, Brooks T,  Semper A, Machin N, Linley E, Borrow R, Wyllie D; EDSAB-HOME Study Investigators. J Clin Virol. 2021 Mar;136:104739. 

Homelessness, unstable housing, and risk of HIV and hepatitis C virus acquisition among people who inject drugs: a systematic review and meta-analysis.  Arum C, Fraser H, Artenie AA, Bivegete S, Trickey A, Alary M, Astemborski J, Debeck K, Dietze P, Dumchev K, Hayashi K, Hellard M, Hickman M, Hope V, Iversen J, Judd A, Kurth AE, Cherutich C, Leclerc P, Lim AG, Maher L, Macgregor L,Mehta SH, Morris M, Ong JJ, Page K, Platt L, Prins M, Sack-Davis R, van Santen DK, Solomon SS, Sypsa V, Todd CS, Valencia,  Van Den Boom W, Strathdee SA,  Walker JG, Ward Z, Stone J, Vickerman P. Published online Mar 2021. The Lancet Public Health

The implementation of remote consulting in UK primary care following the COVID-19 pandemic: a mixed-methods longitudinal study. Murphy M, Scott LJ, Salisbury C, Turner A, Scott A, Denholm R, Iyer G, Lewis R, MacLeod J, Horwood J. British Journal of General Practice. Mar 2021; BJGP.2020.0948.

HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) knowledge, attitudes and perceptions of sexual health risk in an age of STI antimicrobial resistance. Lorenc A, Nicholls J, Kesten JM, Macgregor L, Speare N, Harryman L, Turner KME, Horner P, Horwood J. Sexually Transmitted Diseases: Feb 2021 - Volume Publish Ahead of Print - Issue - doi: 10.1097/OLQ.0000000000001384

Infection Control Behavior at Home During the COVID-19 Pandemic: Observational Study of a Web-Based Behavioral Intervention (Germ Defence). Ainsworth B, Miller S, Denison-Day J, Stuart B, Groot J, Rice C, Bostock J, Hu X, Morton K, Towler L, Moore M, Willcox ML, Chadborn T, Gold N, Amlot R, Little P, Yardley L. J Med Internet Res. Feb 2021;23(2):e22197.

Estimating the contribution of key populations towards HIV transmission in South Africa. Stone J, Mukandavire, Boily M.‐C, Fraser H, Mishra S, Schwartz S, Rao A, Looker K. J, Quaife M, Terris‐Prestholt F, Marr A, Lane T, Coetzee J, Gray G, Otwombe K, Milovanovic M, Hausler H, Young K, Mcingana M, Ncedani M, Puren A, Hunt G, Kose Z, Phaswana‐Mafuya N, Baral S, Vickerman P. J Int AIDS Soc. Feb 2021; 24(00):e25650

Understanding patterns of adherence to COVID-19 mitigation measures: A qualitative interview study. Denford S, Morton K, Lambert H, Zhang J, Cai S, Hickman M, Smith LE, Oliver I, Robin C, Lasseter G, Rubin GJ, Yardley L. Journal of Public Health. Feb 2021;fdab005.

Modelling the intervention effect of opioid agonist treatment on multiple mortality outcomes in people who inject drugs: a three-setting analysis. Stone J, Degenhardt L, Grebely J, Larney S, Altice FL, Smyrnov P, Rahimi-Movaghar A, Alavi M, Young AM, Havens JR, Miller WC, Hickman M, Vickerman P. The Lancet Psychiatry online Feb 2021.

Tobacco smoking and meningococcal disease in adolescents and young adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Pilat, Ellie K et al. Journal of Infection. [Online]

Chemsex and diagnoses of syphilis, gonorrhoea and chlamydia among men who have sex with men in the UK: a multivariable prediction model using causal inference methodology. MacGregor L, Kohli M, Looker KJ, Hickson F, Weatherburn P, Schmidt, AJ, Turner KME. Sexually Transmitted Infections. Jan 2021. 

Estimating the COVID-19 epidemic trajectory and hospital capacity requirements in South West England: a mathematical modelling framework. Booton RD, MacGregor L, Vass L, Looker KJ , Hyams C, Bright PD, Harding I, Lazarus R, Hamilton F, Lawson D, Danon L, Pratt A, Wood R, Brooks-Pollock E, Turner KME. BMJ Open. Jan 2021;11:e041536.

Pre-prints

Accuracy of four lateral flow immunoassays for anti SARS-CoV-2 antibodies: a head-to-head comparative study. Jones HE, Mulchandani R, Taylor-Phillips S, Ades AE, Shute J, Perry KR, Jamarani S, Chandra NL, Brooks T, Charlett A, Hickman M, Oliver I, Kaptoge S, Danesh J, Di Angelantonio E. medRxiv. 2021.

Contact patterns before and during the UK’s Autumn 2020 COVID-19 lockdown among university students and staff. Trickey A, Nixon E, Christensen H, Finn A,  Thomas A, Relton C, Montgomery C, Hemani G, Metz J,  Walker JG, Turner K, Kwiatkowska K, Sauchelli S, Danon L, Brooks-Pollock E. medRxiv. 2021

Engagement with daily testing instead of self-isolating in contacts of confirmed cases of SARS-CoV-2. Martin AF, Sarah Denford S, Nicola Love, Derren Ready, Isabel Oliver, Richard Amlot, G. James Rubin, Lucy Yardley. medRxiv. 2021

Engagement with daily testing instead of self-isolating in contacts of confirmed cases of SARS-VoV-2: A qualitative analysis. Denford S, Martin AF, Love N, Ready D, Oliver I, Amlot R, Yardley L, Rubin JG. medRxiv 2021. doi: https://doi.org/10.1101/2021.05.25.21257644

Assessing the Effectiveness of BNT162b2 and ChAdOx1nCoV-19 COVID-19 Vaccination in Prevention of Hospitalisations in Elderly and Frail Adults: A Single Centre Test Negative Case-Control Study. Hyams C, Marlow R, Maseko Z, King J, Ward L, Fox K, Heath R, Turner A, Friedrich Z, Morrison L, Ruffino G, Antico R, Adegbite D, Szasz-Benczur Z, Garcia Gonzalez M, Oliver J, Danon L, Finn A. SSRN. 2021

The acceptability of testing contacts of confirmed COVID-19 cases using serial, self-administered lateral flow devices as an alternative to self-isolation. Love N,  Ready D, Turner C,  Yardley L, Rubin GJ, Hopkins S, Oliver I. medRxiv. 2021.